Pokémon is a media franchise that originally began as an RPG video game, but due to its popularity it has expanded to other entertainment media such as television series, movies, card games, clothing, among others, becoming a brand that is recognized in the world market.
As of December 1, 2006, video game sales had reached 340 million copies (including the sale of the Pikachu version of the Nintendo 64 console), ranking second among Nintendo’s best-selling video game sagas. The franchise celebrated its tenth anniversary on February 27, 2006.
The video game saga is developed by Japanese software developer Game Freak, with characters created by Satoshi Tajiri for the toy company Creatures Inc. and distributed by Nintendo.
The mission in these games is to capture and train pokémon (creatures whose name gives the game its name), which to date number 890. The possibility of exchanging them led to a popularity that resulted in a sales success and the consequent appearance of an animated series, movies and various merchandising such as stuffed animals, toys and cards.
The production of the video games, anime series and other material for distribution in the West was carried out in the United States by 4Kids Entertainment until November 2005, when it decided not to renew its contract with Pokémon USA (a subsidiary of the Pokémon Company). It currently oversees all Pokémon material for distribution in the West.
The word Pokémon is the romanized contraction of the Japanese brand Pocket Monsters, as such contractions are very common in Japan.
In English, the word is spelled Pokémon with a tilde in acute accent, despite the fact that this sign does not exist in common English usage. This is because joining the words Pocket Monster together resulted in Poke-Mon.
The problem is that, according to English rules, this would be pronounced as pouk mon. In very few other cases an accent can be placed in English on the “e” so that it is pronounced, resulting in the name “Pokémon”.
In Spanish, the transcription rōmaji can be used, which dispenses with the accent for orthographic reasons, although in commercial use it usually appears with a tilde.
The term Pokémon, in addition to referring to the franchise itself, can collectively allude to the 807 fictional species that have appeared in the franchise’s various media. As a trademark, it is invariable: Pokémon. As a lexicalized voice, already written in lowercase and without accent, if we stick to its original pronunciation, it would pluralize according to the RAE in -es: los pokémones. However, in the pokémon games it is plural and singular.
Pokémon are a class of creatures inspired by real animals, insects, objects, plants or mythological creatures. Players take the role of Pokémon Trainers and have three general objectives: complete the Pokédex by collecting all available Pokémon species found, train a team of powerful Pokémon from those they have caught to compete against other trainers.
The ultimate goal of the game is to go on to win the Pokémon League and become the regional champion. The themes of collecting, training and battling are present in almost every version of the Pokémon franchise, including the video games, the anime and manga series, and the Pokémon trading card game.
In the main saga, the player will embark on a journey through a specific region of the Pokémon world. In certain cities there are a number of powerful trainers, known as Gym Leaders, that the trainer must defeat in order to obtain Gym Medals and be able to progress.
Once all of the region’s medals are collected, the trainer is eligible to challenge for the region’s Pokémon League, where four of the best trainers await, which he or she must face in order to earn the title of Champion.
The saga also has secondary story arcs: In most titles there is an antagonist team, a gang whose plans are related to trafficking, exploiting or mistreating Pokémon and which the player must defeat. Many titles also involve the player being able to unravel mysteries about the existence of legendary or mythical Pokémon.